The National Endowment for the Humanities made Presidents and the Constitution a reality by providing a generous grant through its We the People program. Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.
The Bill of Rights Institute would also like to thank Dr. John M. Templeton, Jr. for his generous support of this project.
Special Thanks to our Academic Advisory Team
Marc Landy, Ph.D.
Stuart Leibiger, Ph.D.
David Marion, Ph.D.
Rob McDonald, Ph.D.
United States Military Academy
Director, Hauenstein Center for Presidential Studies
Grand Valley State University
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The images on this Web site are in the public domain and/or from the collections of the institutions listed below, used for nonprofit, educational purposes in compliance with fair use provisions of United States Copyright Law. These materials are put online to further the educational goals of the Bill of Rights Institute. Unless otherwise stated, this material may be used freely for educational and academic purposes. It may not be used in any way for profit.
The White House Historical Association
The Library of Congress
National Archives and Records Administration
U.S. Senate Collection #31.00011, Patrick Henry by George Bagby Matthews
Jimmy Carter Library and Museum
The Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library
University of Texas at Austin
Perry-Castañeda Library: Historical Maps of the United States
California State Library
Colorado State Archives
“What Big Government You Have” by William Warren ©2008
“Shred-O-Matic” by Matt Wuerker © 2006
“Medicare System” by Glenn McCoy © 2007
“Don’t You Realize?” by Paul Candelaria © 1980
“Here It Comes, Folks!” ©1977, The Detroit News
“World Trade Center on the 2004 memorial of the September 11 attacks.” by Derek Jensen © 2004
James Madison was the shortest President at 5'4". He probably weighed less than 100lbs, and was sickly throughout his life.